In Vatican City, with a puff of white smoke from the chimney of the Sistine Chapel and to the cheers of thousands of rain-soaked faithful, a gathering of Catholic cardinals picked a new pope.
He is the 266th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church. It's 76-year-old Jesuit Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Argentina - the first South American to lead the church, who took the name Francis. Pontiff was picked in the fourth round. This means that from the 115 cardinal electors more than 77 people supported one candidate.
The name of the new pope announced from the balcony of St. Peter's Cathedral, Cardinal-Archdeacon of the Roman Catholic Church, Jean-Louis Tauran, saying the traditional Latin formula - Annutio vobis gaudium magnum: habemus Papam! ("We have a Pope"). Others cried, "Viva il Papa!".
In the election participated cardinals, the age of each of whom does not exceed 80 years old. On the eve in the press were actively circulated rumors that the pope may be non-European.
The current conclave different from previous one by that it was called after the voluntary abdication of the pontiff. On February, 11 2013 Benedict XVI announced about his voluntary retirement from his post. Abdication, he explained by his old age, and having no power for public service. Last time in the history the Pope abdicated in XV century.
For the first time in the history the pontiff is from Latin America. For the first time the Pope belongs to the Order of the Jesuits. Again, for the first time the head of the church as his patron chose St. Francis of Assisi a vow of poverty and spent his life on helping the poor and sick.
Almost all his life future pope spent at home in Argentina. His career was immediate. In just six years, he has the simple provincial priest turned to the Archbishop of Buenos Aires. Jorge Bergoglio John Paul II elected Jorge Bergoglio in cardinal.
Archbishop is extremely loved by his flock, he is known for his personal humility: he lives in a small apartment, uses public traffic, and even by hearsay he is cooking himself.
Archbishop is known by his rigid conservative speech, but what kind of Pope conservative or innovator he will be, experts now can only guess.
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