Every year, from 6 to 14 July Pamplona is becoming a city where the scent of the word "fiesta" is felt in every area, in each lane.
These days the town celebrates the feast in honor of the patron saint of Pamplona and Navarre St. Fermin. By tradition, the San Fermin is used to be a defender of winemakers and bakers, which serves as a justification for the citizens, who turn Pamplona those days into an endless celebration. Everything starts with a rocket shot from the balcony of City Hall, announcing the opening of the holiday. With cries of "Viva San Fermin!", Hymns, dances and songs town is immersing in a sea of stormy joy that will last for 204 hours.
The roots of the festival of San Fermin are losing in history. The first mention of it occurs in the chronicles of the XIII century. Up to the XVI century the feast was celebrated in October and coincided with the celebrations on the day of Saint Fermin. Gradually Feast lost exclusively its religious nature: from the XIV century, simultaneously started fairs and bullfighting (corrida). In the XVI century due to the instability of the autumn weather, City Hall of Pamplona turns to the bishop with a request to transfer the holy day of worship on July 7.
Initially, local festival, San Fermin has reached its maximum popularity in the XX century, largely thanks to Ernest Hemingway. First arrived in Pamplona on July 6, 1923, Hemingway was forever fascinated by the atmosphere of the city and chose its site of action of his novel "The Sun Also Rises" ("Fiesta"), which brought the author international fame and glory. People from all over the world, in turn conquered by Hemingway's images of Pamplona began to come here during the festival to experience the emotions themselves, described by the Nobel Prize for Literature.
The most striking element of the festivities of San Fermin is a bull-running on the streets from corrals of Santo Domingo to the Plaza de Toros, where bullfights are held in the evening. Desperate brave men get these days are an opportunity to compete with the bulls in the speed and run in front of them through the streets of the old city. These dangerous races start every day from 7 to July 14 at 8:00 am with a shot the first missile, which gives a signal to open the doors of Santo Domingo corral. The second shot will be heard when all the bulls leave the corral.
Tourists, who decide to participate in this race, should be borne in mind that local daredevils know by heart the routes through the narrow, winding streets, and never try to survive more than 50 meters before running horns of 600 kg giants.
A bull running along the route length of 850 meters only lasts for about 3 minutes. In spite of its transience, this show attracts every year thousands of spectators who have witnessed for the fun of this action steadfastly endure the morning coolness and sacrificed sleep and rest after a night of entertainment.
Gradually, by this traditional holiday items like bullfighting and bull running, added parades of masks, fireworks, music festivals, which do not leave indifferent anybody who was in Pamplona during these days. It is only necessary to plunge into the atmosphere and embed into the universal triumph.
On July, 14 at 12:00 o'clock at the Plaza Konsistorial, crowded with people with burning candles in their hands, the mayor of Pamplona announce about the official closing of the event. Fireworks on the neighboring area will drown words of the mayor, and the fun calms down only in the morning ... just to start everything again next year.
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